# Breathing Control

Breathing affects one's stamina and speed. Not only this, an experienced Taekwon-Do practitioner can diminish the impact of a blow with the effective use of breathing. Exhaling at the critical moment when a blow lands prevents the loss of consciousness and pain. Students must also practice the use of disguised breathing to conceal any signs of fatigue for the opponent.

# Reaction Force

By Newton's Law, every force has an equal and opposite force. An automobile that crashes into a wall will deliver a force of 2000 pounds, and in return, the wall will deliver a force of 2000 pounds onto the car. By understanding reaction force, a student will be able to acquire an impressive amount of power with very little strength due to the combination of forces. An example of this in Taekwon-Do is pulling your left arm backwards while executing a punch with the right hand.

# Concentration

The smaller the target area, the larger the force of your attack. The strikes in Taekwon-Do are often concentrated on certain areas of the body to deliver more devastating attacks. The force must be concentrated on one spot to give a powerful blow.

# Balance

Balance is especially important in Taekwon-Do. By keeping the body in equilibrium, a blow can become more effective and oftentimes deadly. An unbalanced opponent is easily toppled. The stance one must take must be stable yet flexible, accomodating for both offensive and defensive movements. To maintain good balance, the centre of gravity of the stance must fall on a straight line between both legs.

# Theory of Power

"How does one obtain great power through the training of Taekwon-Do?" The average person utilizes only about 10 to 20 percent of their potential. With training in Taekwon-Do, anyone, regardless of size, age, or sex, can condition themselves to use 100 percent of their potential, and therefore obtain great power. However, despite providing a superb level of physical and mental fitness, it will not necessarily result in obtaining extraordinary stamina or superhuman strength. As a Taekwon-Do student matures, they will learn the Theory of Power, which introduces the aspects of reaction force, concentration, balance, breathing control, mass, and speed. These are the factors that will result in a high degree of physical strength.

# Mass

Mass is the energy obtained from body weight and speed, and it is important that the body weight be increased during the execution of a movement to increase power. Rotating the hip and the use of bending the knees adds body momentum for attacks.

# Speed

Speed is the most essential factor of power. Force is generated by multiplying mass by acceleration. In order to stop an oncoming attack or to deliver a powerful strike, speed must be obtained effectively. Many of the other theories of power help to produce adequate speed for Taekwon-Do movements.
Belt Ranks & System of Rank
Physical Fitness

# Taekwon-Do Training Secrets

• To study the theory of power thoroughly.
• To understand the purpose and method of each movement clearly.
• To bring the action of eyes, hands, feet and breath into one single coordinated action.
• To choose the appropriate attacking tool for each vital spot.
• To become familiar with the correct angle and distance for attack and defence.
• Keep both the arms and legs bent slightly while movement is in motion.
• All movements must begin with a backward motion with very few exceptions. However, once the movement is in motion it should not be stopped before reaching the target.
• To create a sine wave during the movement by utilizing the knee spring properly.
• To exhale briefly at the moment of each blow excepting a connecting motion.